The practice of occupational therapy includes: A. Evaluation of factors affecting activities of daily living (ADL), instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), rest and sleep, education, work, play, leisure, and social participation, including: 1. Client factors, including body functions (such as neuro-musculoskeletal, sensory-perceptual, visual, mental, cognitive, and pain factors) and body structures (such as cardiovascular, digestive, nervous, integumentary, genitourinary systems, and structures related to movement), values, beliefs, and spirituality. 2. Habits, routines, roles, rituals, and behavior patterns. 3. Physical and social environments, cultural, personal, temporal, and virtual contexts and activity demands that affect performance. 4. Performance skills, including motor and praxis, sensory-perceptual, emotional regulation, cognitive, communication and social skills.
–The American Occupational Therapy Association
Definition of Occupational Therapy Practice for the AOTA Model Practice Act
“Occupational therapy (OT) is the use of assessment and treatment to develop, recover, or maintain the daily living and work skills of people with a physical, mental, or cognitive disorder. Occupational therapists also focus much of their work on identifying and eliminating environmental barriers to independence and participation in daily activities. Occupational therapy is a client-centered practice that places emphasis on the progress towards the client’s goals. Occupational therapy interventions focus on adapting the environment, modifying the task, teaching the skill, and educating the client/family in order to increase participation in and performance of daily activities, particularly those that are meaningful to the client. Occupational therapists often work closely with professionals in physical therapy, speech therapy, nursing, social work, and the community.”
For more information on the definition of occupational therapy, please visit the AOTA’s website.